Photos confiscated from Seventh-Day Adventist Soldier Romania

Item

Title

Photos confiscated from Seventh-Day Adventist Soldier Romania

Description

The first image is a photograph of Ignat Neculai and his family from Moșna, Falciu county. He is photographed with his wife, and four children, one of whom is in regional dress. Ignat’s name is written on the edge of the photo. The other image is a photograph of some soldiers, Sergeant Gheorghe Sorin, Captain Costache Jugnaru, and Costache Pițu, from Battalion I, Regiment 25, Company 4, stationed in Moșna. Their names are also written in pen along the edge of the photograph. The third image is a photographic negative of a group of officers from Iași taken at Christmas. On the back of each item there is a handwritten description.
The photos were used in a court case brought against Stefan Neculai. Neculai was twenty-eight years old, married with two children, and originally from Cuza Voda, Ialomița County but resident in Vaslui City. He made a living as a photographer but he had failed to obtain the required authorisation to possess a camera. The fact that he took photos of soldiers also made him suspicious. The three photos mentioned were taken between December 1939 and February 1940. Neculai was apprehended at the Seventh-Day Adventist prayer house in Moșna village on 10 February 1940 and taken to court. Based on the documents in the case file it is unclear what the outcome of the case was.
Neculai’s police testimony and that of witnesses are included in the file. Among them is the statement of a Jewish regimental tailor Sami Segal, at whose shop Neculai had lodged for six days. The odds were not in Neculai’s favor. As an Adventist he was considered a sectarian with foreign ties and therefore potentially dangerous to state security. His affiliation with the Jewish tailor during a time of rabid antisemitism also made his activity suspicious to the authorities. Seventh-Day Adventists were outlawed during the war and Neculai’s case is evidence of increased concern regarding religious minorities. Reports on other suspicious sectarian soldiers are also included in the folder.

The photographs come from ANIC, DGP inv. 2349, 40/1930. The file includes police reports, correspondence between local gendarme commanders and the General Police Division in Bucharest. Personal files on soldiers with a sectarian background enrolled in the army between 1928 and 1940 are also available in the folder.

Subject

Religion and State--Europe
Religion -- History -- 20th century
Religion and Politics-- Europe
Secret police (secret service)
Nationalism--Romania--History
Surveillance
Romania. Siguranța
Communism and Christianity--Europe, Eastern
Communism and religion
Communism--Europe, Eastern--History--20th century
Totalitarianism
Material culture--Religious aspects
Religious groups

Creator

Iemima Ploscariu

Source

Arhivele Naționale Române
Direcția Generală a Poliției (DGP)
Fond 2349, D 40/1930

Publisher

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme No . 677355

Date

1940

Rights

Copyright for these images belongs to ANIC
Arhivele Naționale ale României

Format

Image/jpg
Photo

Language

RO

Type

Image

Identifier

ANIC, Direcția Generală a Poliției (DGP)
fond 2349, D 40/1930

Coverage

20th Century, inter-war
Romania

Bibliographic Citation

Iemima Ploscariu, "Photos confiscated from Seventh-Day Adventist Soldier Romania",

Date Created

2019